A few years back I did a trip to Hawai’i, with my favourite part being the time I spent on the Big Island. Not only did I get to drive one of my favourite cars, a Mustang, but I also visited the awesome Hawai’i Volcanoes National Park. I followed the trail of Kīlauea Volcano, which has been actively erupting since 1983, to where it meets the ocean, and explored many other parts of the coastline that have been formed, destroyed and reshaped by the onslaught of lava.
I spent last weekend in a special little corner of Australia where the bush meets the ocean. There were lots of leaf-curling spiders’ webs around, but this one caught my attention because of the haphazard looking extension ‘downstairs’.
The homeowner, which would be a member of the orb-weaving spider family, was carefully tucked away inside its leaf. Can you spot it? It’s the brown curl in the middle of the big round web at the top.
Lightning Ridge, in north-western New South Wales, Australia, is famed for its opal mining, and in particular, for being the largest source of precious black opals in the world.
During Lightning Ridge’s searing outback summers, the temperature underground is around 20C, making it a comfortable place to search for Australia’s national gemstone: the opal.
The protagonist in my current fantasy manuscript is from a fictional continent similar to outback Australia. His mother scratches out a living in the local mines, so I was particularly interested to learn about the history of opal mining. Opal Mine Adventure offer the fascinating experience of visiting an old opal mine, which gave me an insight into the motivation and practicalities of digging for these brilliant gemstones.
In years gone by, miners sank shafts using a pick and shovel, then chipped away at the sandstone deep underground armed with a pick and candle, looking for a valuable find.
Waste dirt was traditionally raised in buckets by hand windlass, often into a truck such as the one below. The dirt then underwent ‘puddling’ to remove the dirt from the sandstone and harder materials. If colour is found in the stone, it is buffed to determine the quality of opal that lies within.
Please exit the mine in an orderly fashion
A good pair of boots and reliable candle were the miner’s best friend